Armor of God

“Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” Eph 6:1112.

Journey to the Cross

In the end, “Catholic flavors” will not work. Triumphalism, with its “We’re right and you’re wrong” emphasis, won’t work in the pluralist Internet age. “Salvation is from the Jews” Jn 4:22. “Liberal” Catholic faith, with its emphasis on redistribution and minimal attention to the sacraments, won’t work either because the sacraments are Rabbi Yeshua’s channels of grace for us. “He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him” Jn 6:56. “He who abides in me, and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing” Jn 15:5.

Pope Francis, in Lumen Fidei § 7, lights the way to Rabbi Yeshua’s victory:

In God’s gift of faith, a supernatural infused virtue, we realize that a great love has been offered us, a good word has been spoken to us, and that when we welcome that word, Jesus Christ the Word made flesh, the Holy Spirit transforms us, lights up our way to the future and enables us joyfully to advance along that way on wings of hope. Thus wonderfully interwoven, faith, hope and charity are the driving force of the Christian life as it advances towards full communion with God.

The Catholic faith is pure truth. Truth sets us freeGod is radical and total. We need to immerse ourselves radically and totally in Catholic truth we approach the beauty and glory of God’s kingdom. We place all our hope in Rabbi Yeshua, the shining glory of God’s kingdom. When we do he will win for us the glory to come.

St. Michael the Archangel

St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle. Be our protection against the wickedness and snares of the devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray; and do thou, O Prince of the Heavenly Host, by the power of God, cast into hell Satan and all the evil spirits who prowl around the world seeking the ruin of souls.

Every man and woman on earth has been subjected to temptation. Rabbi Yeshua does not actively will that we are subject to temptation, but he allows it so that we might show that our love for him is greater than our love of the “shiny objects” that Satan uses to tempt us.

Rabbi Yeshua even allowed Satan to tempt him, to show us how to deal with it. Sts. Matthew Mt 4:110 and Luke Lk 4:212 showed us how Rabbi Yeshua conquered the temptation. He as the Son of God could have destroyed Satan with a single thought, but he wanted to teach us where to find protection.

His primary protection was in quoting the Scriptures. Our Father in heaven told us through Isaiah that his words have real power: “So shall my word be that goes forth from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose, and prosper in the thing for which I sent it” Is 55:11. But he also fasted during the temptation Mt 4:2Lk 4:2 to show us how to exercise our strength to resist temptation.

Why would Rabbi Yeshua allow the demons to continue to tempt us? God’s greatest commandment for us, in both the Old Deut 6:5Lev 19:18 and New Mt 22:3740Jn 13:34 Testaments, was to love God with all our heart and soul and mind and strength. It followed that we are also commanded to love his incarnate image Gen 1:27. We may imagine that we love God when we really love only the gifts he gives us, so he requires that we also love God’s image in earthly life. In heaven we would live forever with God intensely present with us, and with all his saints and angels. If we do not love them truly and deeply we would not be as happy as we could be in heaven. Since God wills that heaven eternally remain a place of perfect happiness, he could not take such a person into heaven. We need to work on perfecting our love.

We can truly love only if we are free to not-love. So God gives us the free will to choose between love for him and love for the devil. If we freely choose God and reject Satan‘s temptations we are in that way choosing eternal life with God in heaven.

Rabbi Yeshua is our teacher of salvation. We are safe as long as we remain near him.

“Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore take the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand” Eph 6:1113.

Holy Mother Church is extremely careful when dealing with possible cases of demonic possession. At times a layman tries to assess a case of demonic possession, though of course his conclusions are less than reliable and in any case would be only preliminary until they were confirmed by the Church. For example, we hear of instances where a wife asks a priest to bless a particular garment that her husband is accustomed to wearing, especially one identical to several others he has. The wife then makes a tiny inconspicuous mark on the article which she then returns to her husband’s closet along with his other clothing. If her husband then wears the garment as usual he is probably not possessed. If he avoids touching it, or if he removes it from the house, he may well be possessed. However, a demon would be likely to accept the stress of wearing the blessed garment to avoid detection.

When a Catholic suspects that someone he knows may be possessed, he first informs a holy priest. If the priest finds the report credible he makes an initial inquiry. If he too suspects the possibility, he notifies the diocesan bishop. Every diocesan bishop, as a successor of the Apostles, has the Church’s full authority to exorcise demons. The Apostles originally received this authority from Rabbi Yeshua himself: “And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every infirmity” Mt 10:1. The diocesan bishop usually delegates his authority to a specially trained priest, called an exorcist. If the bishop believes that this may well be a case of demonic possession, he calls in the exorcist and asks him to conduct a preliminary examination.

No experienced exorcist ever relies on a single indication; he looks at all the indications to discern a consistent pattern in the signs of demonic possession that an ordinary man could not do on his own. Most exorcists begin by interviewing the subject together with a Catholic psychiatrist. Demons, in order to be left in undisturbed possession of the person, often mimic psychiatric disorders in the hope that the patient will be referred to a psychiatrist. It is extremely important to discern whether the problem is demonic possession or psychiatric disorder. An exorcist has no authority or training to deal with psychiatric disorders, and a psychiatrist has no apostolic authority to exorcise a demon. By interviewing the patient together, an experienced exorcist-psychiatrist team can nearly always discern the true problem. In about nine of every ten reported cases, the problem is psychiatric. When the exorcist discerns that the patient is possessed by a demon, he reports back to the bishop.

Because demons in possession of a person are so tenacious, Holy Mother Church puts on the whole armor of God by bringing the full weight of her apostolic authority to every exorcism. This is why even the most highly trained exorcist will never attempt a full exorcism without support from the bishop’s apostolic authority. On the exorcist’s recommendation, the bishop gives him specific authority to exorcise the person. This authority may be written or oral as the bishop prefers; the important thing is personal approval of this particular exorcism by a direct successor of the Apostles.

The Roman Ritual prescribes a Rite of Exorcism, a series of prayers, blessings, and invocations in the exorcising of demons. The exorcist uses the Rite together with other strategies in an effort to put the demon under so much stress that it will leave the body. He often tries to conduct the exorcism in a holy place such as a Catholic parish church because the demon will be uncomfortable there. He speaks to the demon using a strong command voice, putting it under more stress. An exorcist friend of mine, now retired, always carried a pyx containing the Blessed Sacrament which he would hold up in front of the demon, commanding it to leave in the name of Jesus Christ. Some exorcists try to get the person’s family to bring him to Mass to put the demon under still greater stress.

At the same time, the demon tries to put the exorcist under stress by using strategies to make him believe that it has gone. The demon may go completely quiet and remain quiet as long as the exorcist is present, giving no outward sign of its presence. Or it may suddenly appear as a naked woman dancing suggestively before the exorcist in an effort to embarrass the exorcist. Sometimes it will assume a frightening shape or make terrifying noises in an effort to frighten the exorcist.

Each demon has its own strengths and weaknesses, its own personality. Each exorcism therefore follows its own course as the exorcist tries to find the demon’s weaknesses and emphasize whatever works against it. For example, if the exorcist notices that the demon responds to certain particular words he has used, he will use them again and again. Most often, the exorcist tries to put so much stress on the demon that it will leave. Exorcisms are often done in a Catholic parish church. I know an exorcist who carries the Blessed Sacrament in a pyx to every exorcism and holds it toward the demon as he proclaims the Church’s Rite of Exorcism.

Most exorcisms last five or ten or even fifteen hours as the exorcist and the demon try to wear one another down. Some take two or more days. Sooner or later, Rabbi Yeshua‘s power, transmitted through two thousand years of apostolic succession, prevails, and the demon leaves.

Then begins the often-long process of re-training the person to become an active member of the Church, to pray often as the Church teaches, and to live a holy life among holy friends. If he doesn’t, he is open to being re-possessed. The second time is worse because the demon has been through an exorcism before and knows what to expect.

Free Will

Father Hardon told us, “The power of the will to determine itself and to act of itself, without compulsion from within or coercion from without. It is the faculty of an intelligent being to act or not act, to act this way or another way, and is therefore essentially different from the operations of irrational beings that merely respond to a stimulus and are conditioned by sensory objects.”

Benedict XVI Releases Doves Only to Have Them Re-Enter his Window  1:07

Cardinal Burke explains free will:

God made us in his own image and likeness. And that means that He made us to both know the truth and to live the truth in love. With our mind we come to know the truth; with our will, we love the truth and live the truth. Free will for us is never a question of license, namely doing whatever I please, because that really doesn’t make us free. And all of us have had the experience when we’ve just done what we please. Indeed, we don’t enjoy freedom. In fact, we become enslaved to one or another creature, or enslaved to a habit of sin.

Free will is developed in us through a discipline of our thoughts and our affections, and our words and our actions, so that they more and more are conformed to the mind and heart of Jesus Christ. And as we attain that conformity with the mind and heart of Jesus Christ, we experience a great freedom. We discover that freedom is not meant for my selfish enjoyment, but that true freedom is for the good of my brothers and sisters and the good of those who are around me. We discover that our greatest joy comes from being selfless and being generous and sacrificing ourselves, even when it hurts us very much, in order to love.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on August 28, 1963 climaxed his I Have a Dream speech:

From every mountainside, let freedom ring! And when this happens, and when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!


Free will is essential to love.

Agape love is the free decision to put God’s will above our own. We should love Rabbi Yeshua because he is magnificently good and beautiful, not because He is able to give us what we want, such as more pleasure in our earthly life or even joy in eternal life.

God alone knows what is best for us from an eternal perspective. Since we should want what is best for us from an eternal perspective, perfect freedom exists only when we obey God.

Rabbi Yeshua redeemed us by his obedient death on the Cross. He obediently allowed the Sanhedrin to demand his Crucifixion and Pilate to order it. If he had not freely willed it, but had been crucified anyway in the same way, at the same time, in the same place, there would have been no redemption. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man’s obedience many will be made righteous” Rom 5:19. “And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him” Phil 2:8. St. Bernard confirmed it: Non mors placuit sed voluntas sponte morientis (It is not the death itself that saved us, but his obedience unto death.)

With all his awesome authority, God is humble! The Father is humble. Rabbi Yeshua told us, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me” Mt 28:18 The Son is humble. “I have not spoken on my own authority; the Father who sent me has himself given me commandment what to say and what to speak” Jn 12:49. The Holy Spirit is humble. “The Spirit of truth … will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but … he will take what is mine and declare it to you” Jn 16:1314. The Son of God, visiting us in this life, could have lived as the magnificent king he is. But he chose to live a humble life. “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay his head” Mt 8:20.

Total human obedience to God brings us closest to Rabbi Yeshua. “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word” Lk 1:38.


Free will is essential to obedience.

God alone knows what is best for us from an eternal perspective. Since we should want what is best for us from an eternal perspective, perfect freedom exists only when we obey God.

Rabbi Yeshua redeemed us by his obedient death on the Cross. He obediently allowed the Sanhedrin to demand his Crucifixion and Pilate to order it. If he had not freely willed it, but had been crucified anyway in the same way, at the same time, in the same place, there would have been no redemption. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man’s obedience many will be made righteous” Mt 5:19 “And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him” Phil 2:89. St. Bernard confirmed it. “Non mors placuit sed voluntas sponte morientis” (It is not the death itself that saved us, but his obedience unto death).

With all his awesome authority, God is humble! The Father is humble. Rabbi Yeshua told us, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me”Mt 28:18. The Son is humble. “I have not spoken on my own authority; the Father who sent me has himself given me commandment what to say and what to speak” Jn 12:49. The Holy Spirit is humble. “The Spirit of truth … will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but … he will take what is mine and declare it to you” Jn 16:1315. The Son of God, visiting us in this life, could have lived as the magnificent king he is. But he chose to live a humble life. “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay his head” Mt 8:20.

Total human obedience to God brings us closest to Rabbi Yeshua. “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word” Lk 1:38.

The Truth

Free will is essential to truth.

Rabbi Yeshua announced the coming of the kingdom in the synagogue at Nazareth: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord” Lk 4:1819.

Rabbi Yeshua said to the Jews who had believed in him, “If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free” Jn 8:3132. The Jews replied, “We are descendants of Abraham, and have never been in bondage to any one. How is it that you say, ‘You will be made free’?” Jn 8:33. And Rabbi Yeshua explained, “Truly, truly, I say to you, every one who commits sin is a slave to sin” Jn 8:34. Rabbi Yeshua‘s death on the Cross freed us from slavery to sin and opened the kingdom of heaven for us.

The Lie

Truth is essential to overcome lies.

The main entrance to the Auschwitz I death camp has a sign over it, Arbeit macht frei. “Work makes you free.” It encouraged prisoners to work harder by implying that those who worked very hard would eventually be freed. They soon discovered that it was a lie. Only death freed them from Auschwitz. Rabbi Yeshua explained, “You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies Jn 8:44Satan is all about murder and lies.

Satan told the Jews as they entered Auschwitz that work would make them free. But, work never made Israel in Egypt free, and work never made Jews in Auschwitz free. As the Romans brought Rabbi Yeshua to Calvary Hill to be annihilated, the Nazis had brought the Jews to Auschwitz annihilate their race. Yet, Rabbi Yeshua brought truth even from the Holocaust.


Free will and predestination are often seen as opposites. In fact, they work together: We decide now. God always infallibly knew (predestination) what we would decide but let us (free will) decide.

Rabbi Paul told us, “We know that in everything God works for good with those who love him, who are called according to his purpose. For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the first-born among many brethren. And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified” Rom 8:2830.

For all who love God together with his image and likeness Mt 22:3740 in the New and Eternal Covenant, all things work together for good, so that we are called to be saints.

§ 381 “Man is predestined to reproduce the image of God’s Son made man, the ‘image of the invisible God’ (Col 1:15), so that Christ shall be the first-born of a multitude of brothers and sisters (cf. Eph 1:36Rom 8:29).”

New Advent’s Catholic Encyclopedia explains the Catholic dogma of the predestination of the elect: “(a) the first grace of vocation, especially faith as the beginning, foundation, and root of justification; (b) a number of additional, actual graces for the successful accomplishment of justification; (c) justification itself as the beginning of the state of grace and love; (d) final perseverance or at least the grace of a happy death; (e) lastly, the admission to eternal bliss.”

Within this dogma are spiritual oases in which Catholic theologians engage in lively conversation. God foresees the free activity of each man and woman. We ourselves freely decide whether we will seek the radical transformation of our fallen nature necessary to live above human possibility in the New and Eternal Covenant through Rabbi Yeshua’s sanctifying grace that sustains us for the grace of final perseverance § 2849.

Situation Awareness

Situation Awareness (SA) is a military term for knowing what is going on around us. Here is a chapter from a Coast Guard training manual on Situation Awareness. Fighter pilots, for instance, are trained to know at all times what’s ahead of them, right, left, above, below and behind them. Six different directions. Every fighter pilot is taught, “Protect your six.”

The Catholic Church is engaged in a great spiritual war against the forces of evil. Her armed forces division, the Church Militant, puts on the whole Armor of God including the Satan Detector that Rabbi Yeshua gave us.

I’d like to share with you a personal experience. Some years ago, my beautiful Irene and I were in the New York City area to attend a wedding. We had driven all the way across the United States from Los Angeles, arriving the evening before to be sure we’d get to the wedding on time. We checked into our hotel, went to a restaurant, and then returned to our room for a quiet evening. But, as we entered the room, Irene asked me to go to the hotel’s front desk to get something we needed.

As I approached the front desk I saw a bus pull up. I took care of what Irene needed, but something about the bus and its passengers flashed demons in my mind. I sat down in the hotel lobby near the front desk and watched the 40 or so passengers get off. They were all completely normal in their outer appearance, but my interior consciousness kept flashing demons. I watched silently as they all walked into a large gathering room.

When a fighter pilot sees the enemy he calls higher authority for help. So do soldiers in the Church Militant. After the last one was in and the door closed, I reported to the Blessed Virgin Mary, praying a Rosary for heaven’s protection for Irene and me, and for everyone in the hotel. I didn’t know whether the desk clerk was “one of them,” so I decided to pray in camouflage. I did not use Rosary beads, but simply counted on my fingers. I held my left hand over my right hand’s “counting fingers” to conceal what I was doing. And I carefully prayed mentally, not mouthing the words in any way. It was humanly impossible for anyone observing me to know what I was doing.

But, within a few minutes, a man came out of the gathering room, walked straight up to me, and politely said, “Would you please stop doing that. You’re disturbing us.” Of course I had no intention of stopping, but there were 40 of them. If the desk clerk was one of them they could have killed me with no witnesses, disposed of my body, and continued with whatever they had been doing. So I politely replied, “I’m sorry,” rose, and left. I returned to my room, locked the door, told Irene what had happened, and asked her to pray the Rosary with me. I wanted it to be the same Rosary, so she and I began praying from the point where I had been interrupted.

The Blessed Virgin Mary protected us. We went to sleep, awakened the next morning, checked out of the hotel, attended the wedding, and went back to Los Angeles. If I had not prayed the Rosary, who knows what they would have been able to do.

For the love of God, we soldiers of the Church Militant need to maintain Situation Awareness at every moment of our lives. Rabbi Kefa reminds us, “Be sober, be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking some one to devour” 1 Pet 5:8.

How We Communicate

Communication is perhaps the most central activity of man. We communicate with God through prayer. § 2744 “Those who pray are certainly saved; those who do not pray are certainly damned.” Rabbi Yeshua assigned to Holy Mother Church her mission to witness, to communicate to all, Rabbi Yeshua‘s offer of eternal life in heaven to all who follow him. Rabbi Yeshua highlighted the importance of communication. “Every one who acknowledges me before men, I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in heaven; but whoever denies me before men, I also will deny before my Father who is in heaven” Mt 10:3233. And we are all responsible for participating in some way in the New Evangelization. To do all this effectively, we need to keep our communication skills sharp.

A language, like any organism, lives by naturally absorbing vital new words faster than the obsolete ones die away. These new words are called loan words. The word parlor, for instance, came from the French parler, to converse. Gas was newly minted from the Greek chaos or “formless void.” Other new words are knitted together from existing words, like “railroad.” With a basic wordstock about half Germanic and half Romance, English has an insouciant way of picking up words from all over. The language has become a magnificent mosaic.

In the time of Beowulf and Roland every educated Englishman spoke and wrote Latin fluently. In fact, until recently the ability to use Latin freely was the chief mark of a fine education. Physicians wrote prescriptions in Latin and pharmacists interpreted them until just a few decades ago. Many words in the learned fields of divinity, law, philosophy and science moved directly from Latin to English, among them affidavitalibianimalbonusdictumfolioinertiainnuendointerimitemmemorandumrecipestimulusvacuum, and veto. At the same time, words no longer needed, like croon or grifter, gradually pass out of a language. Loan words refresh a language, keeping it vital and up-to-date.

The Ten Commandments are exactly what they were three thousand years ago. Rabbi Yeshua instituted the Catholic Church two thousand years ago to teach the entire deposit of faith “once for all delivered to the saints” Jude 3. She has taught the same Faith from that time to the present day. Every Sunday morning we recite the same Nicene Creed first taught at the Council of Constantinople in AD 381. Keeping the Word of God pristine requires a language without loan words, a language no longer spoken, so that it’s meanings remain the same across the centuries. Holy Mother Churchadopted Latin as her official language more than sixteen centuries ago and still publishes all her documents first as a “typical edition” in Latin, which is then used to make the various translations for worldwide use. Latin also remained a lingua franca, the common learned language among scholars until, in Rabbi Yeshua‘s wise providence, it was replaced by French in the eighteenth century and English in the late nineteenth.

In 1988 I completed a book called How We Communicate: The Most Vital Skill. I still stand by most of it today, but not quite all. In chapter 9, “Extrasensory Communication,” I used the most accurate secular research available to me during the 1980s, but now as a Catholic I would not have addressed that subject at all. Oddly enough, just before the book went to the publisher, I was starting to sense that I was on a journey to the Catholic Church. I wanted to “plant a flag” in the manuscript that would indicate that I had been at least thinking about the Church. For years I’ve told people that the flag was in there but they had to search the book to find it. Now I’ll tell you that it’s on p. 167. But I’ll still let you find the paragraph.

Examination of Conscience

We Start With the Basics

The Catechism Definition: “Prayerful self-reflection on our words and deeds in the light of the Gospel to determine how we may have sinned against God. The reception of the Sacrament of Penance ought to be prepared for by such an examination of conscience” (p. 878).

§ 1435 Conversion is accomplished in daily life by gestures of reconciliation, concern for the poor, the exercise and defense of justice and right,33 by the admission of faults to one’s brethren, fraternal correction, revision of life, examination of conscience, spiritual direction, acceptance of suffering, endurance of persecution for the sake of righteousness. Taking up one’s cross each day and following Jesus is the surest way of penance.

§ 1454 The reception of this sacrament ought to be prepared for by an examination of conscience made in the light of the Word of God. The passages best suited to this can be found in the moral catechesis of the Gospels and the apostolic Letters, such as the Sermon on the Mount and the apostolic teachings.

And Climb Toward Heaven

Fr. John A. Hardon, SJ, wrote at least twice that I know of on Examination of Conscience. I call them the Marian Catechist version and the EWTN version. Both are the disciplined reflections of one of the twentieth century’s greatest priests. During my years of Catholic formation, the 1990s, the last decade of his earthly life, he was my primary mentor. Before proceeding further, may I encourage each of my site visitors to read both versions, decide which version better suits your temperament, and read that one in a very penetrating way.

Then turn to Fr. Thomas Dubay. He explains:

An analogy with modern warfare may be helpful here. High-level military officers plan their ground, air and sea campaigns in fine detail—including alternative responses to differing situations and responses of the enemy. The best officers leave little to chance p. 103).

The spiritual life is, as Job 7:1 reminded us, a warfare. Vague wishes go nowhere. This is why many of the wise religious orders retain the practice they call particular examen. It is exactly what its name indicates. In this exercise the person focuses special daily attention on one fault to be corrected or one virtue to be acquired or improved upon: gossiping, overeating or bursts of temper, for example; or gentleness, humility or truth telling. At the same time each day (an aid to remembrance), in a prayerful atmosphere and place, this individual goes over the previous twenty-four hours, examining how he behaved on the one specific point. He notices how he succeeded or fell with regard to that one aim, what were the times and circumstances, who were the persons who triggered the successes or failures. Most likely it will not be many days before he sees a pattern emerging (if he did not already know it). This first part of particular examen can be done in one or two minutes (p. 103).

Then he spends another short time planning for the next twenty-four hours and preparing to do better on this one point. It is wise to begin particular examen with a short prayer for light to know oneself better, and to conclude it with another for vigilance and readiness aimed at success in execution. This whole exercise can be done in a few minutes. Its helpfulness is due to putting concern and determination into practice (p. 103).

Fr. Dubay on his page 104 explains that that Fr. Bernard Bro, in his study of St. Thérèse of Lisieux, acquired a specific virtue and avoided a potential fault. She went far beyond a general wish to love her sisters in religion. She targeted a specific need for improvement and anticipated the time, persons and situations in which she would encounter the problem:

Thérèse had acquired the habit of smiling every time when, at work, she was disturbed by a Sister who came with or without reason, to ask her for some service. She noted this with humor in her last manuscript. She was ready for annoyance: “I want it; I count on it … so I am always happy” (Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, p. 62).

That is particular examen! Most Catholics can sustain it for a day or two. If we give ourselves to Rabbi Yeshua whole and entire in the New and Eternal Covenant we are committing our entire lives to heroic virtue. Often we make a great retreat or parish mission ready to go at it, but as time passes we again become enveloped in our ordinary lives and gradually return to where we had been. To some extent we can ask ourselves, “Have I continued going to Daily Mass every morning? Am I still praying the Rosary every morning? Am I treating my wife ‘as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her’” Eph 5:25? And, more broadly, “How, precisely, have I grown significantly during the past year?”

Rabbi Yeshua told us, “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you” Jn 15:12. How did he love us? “Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” Jn 15:13. Rabbi Yeshua asks some of us to lay down our lives as martyrs. He asks all of us to lay down our lives as living witnesses, to be his image and likeness Gen 1:27.

Is this asking more of our fallen race than we can give? It is if we try to do it all ourselves. But if we live the New and Eternal Covenant every day of our lives, going to Daily Mass and weekly Confession, and constantly asking Rabbi Yeshua for help, he will help us gradually to become his image. “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible” Mt 19:26.

There is a great deal more to spiritual life than these few paragraphs! A Catholic seriously interested in the spiritual life would do well to read several of Father Dubay’s books, particularly Deep Conversion, Deep PrayerPrayer PrimerFire WithinFaith and CertitudeAuthenticityHappy Are You Poor,The Evidential Power of Beauty, and Seeking Spiritual Direction, as many as possible before the Blessed Sacrament.

Hope in Rabbi Yeshua

Hope is one of the three theological virtues. The other two are Faith and Charity. They are infused by God into the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his children and of meriting eternal life. It is not at all the same as human optimism. Satan continues to tempt secular persons, “You will be like God, knowing good and evil” Gen 3:5. Through their own concupiscence or through satanic temptation, secular persons often seek lives without problems achieved through various political arrangements. These arrangements never end well.We can go all the way back to the land of Shinar. Its people said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth” Gen 11:4. However, they had made this decision by themselves without God’s permission. The Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is only the beginning of what they will do; and nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them. Come, let us go down, and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech” Gen 11:67.Hope is represented by the symbol of an anchor, from the Book of Hebrews: “We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner shrine behind the curtain, where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek” Heb 6:1920.There have been many examples since then, but for brevity let us fast-forward to Marxism, a worldview that Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin evolved into the primary communist doctrine: “From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.” No one could own a business or produce his own goods because the state owned everything. Strikingly missing was economic motivation for anyone to actually produce anything. In Russia and China, where communism was most intensively tried, the wry aphorism was, “We pretend to work, and they pretend to pay us.” The sin of pride kept the communist rulers from simply dropping the system when they realized it didn’t work. In their efforts to force the system to work, the communist rulers killed millions of people. Stéphane Courtois’ (chief editor) Black Book of Communism puts the numbers killed at 65 million in China, 20 million in the Soviet Union, 2 million in Cambodia, 2 million in North Korea, and so on. These estimates do not include the even greater number of children killed in their mother’s wombs by abortion.We see the same trend emerging in the United States. When we drive God out, Satan comes in. The Supreme Court in Dred Scott, 1857, concluded that people of African descent were subhuman, inherently inferior to people of European descent, and should therefore be enslaved. Long after the Emancipation Proclamation, 1863, had freed the slaves, the Court, in Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896, depending on the same underlying assumption that persons of African descent were subhuman, concluded that separate facilities for them satisfied the Fourteenth Amendment as long as they were equal to those for persons of European descent. This argument that black persons were subhuman continued to be accepted at least in the American south until the 1960s. (In fact, the Nazis used the same term, Untermenschen, subhuman, to justify the Holocaust.)Finally, Martin Luther King’s historic I Have a Dream speech, 1963, brought God back into the picture. The following year, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 eliminated the vast majority of racial segregation in the United States.

The War Continues

However, during the 1960s and 1970s liberals who had taken control of the formative professions used them to suppress all mention of God and insist that men organized into governments are and should be the organizing principle of our lives and the source of all that we need, again enabling Satan to revive the idea that some Americans are “subhuman.” At virtually the same time, 1973, the Supreme Court’s death case, Roe v. Wade, persuaded many American liberals that children in their mothers wombs are subhuman, mere property, and therefore could be killed for their mother’s convenience. Since then American women have killed 55 million children in their mothers’ wombs.

God warned us three thousand years ago: “I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and curse; therefore choose life, that you and your descendants may live, loving the LORD your God, obeying his voice, and cleaving to him; for that means life to you and length of days, that you may dwell in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them” Deut 30:1920. Rabbi Yeshua put it even more succinctly: “Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get” Mt 7:12.

Why is this so consistently true? Rabbi Yeshua‘s highest commands to his followers were, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets” Mt 22:3740. He also taught us, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another” Jn 13:3435. He even taught us, “Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so men persecuted the prophets who were before you” Mt 5:1112. And, “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” Mt 5:44. Men who have taken these commands and teachings into the very core of their being become so accustomed to treating one another with loving kindness that killing is simply inconceivable.

By contrast, men of our fallen race who have banished God from their hearts soon become susceptible to Satan‘s influence. “Cain said to Abel his brother, ‘Let us go out to the field.’ And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and killed him. Then the LORD said to Cain, ‘Where is Abel your brother?’ He said, ‘I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?’” Gen 4:89. Cain murdered and lied. Rabbi Yeshua told a group of Pharisees, “You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies” Jn 8:44. Look again at Rabbi Yeshua‘s words: “He was a murderer from the beginning.”

Hope always in Rabbi Yeshua. “There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved” Acts 4:12. And we share our hope with one another as Kefa taught us: “Always be prepared to make a defense to any one who calls you to account for the hope that is in you, yet do it with gentleness and reverence” 1 Pet 3:15.